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Lionel Baxter Collection



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Summary Information

University of Mississippi Libraries
Lionel Baxter Collection
4.5 Linear feet 6 boxes (A-6) + 3 oversize boxes (G-13)
Language of Materials
Mixed materials [Boxes]
Mixed materials [Boxes]
7-9 (OVRS)
Collection consists of letters, documents, autographs, engravings, maps, facsimiles, broadsides, framed items, books, and ephemera related predominantly, but not exclusively, to the Civil War.

Preferred Citation

Lionel Baxter Collection (MUM00027), Archives and Special Collections, J.D. Williams Library, The University of Mississippi

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Biographical Note

Lionel F. Baxter was a broadcasting media executive for years and a director of the Storer Communications Company. See also: A Baxter family from South Carolina: Scotch Irish pioneers from Ulster / by Lionel Francis Baxter and John William Baxter.

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Scope and Content

The Baxter Collection was developed by Lionel Baxter from his lifelong interest in American history, particularly the Civil War. Collection contains wartime and postwar correspondence from various Confederate officers and soldiers on a wide variety of subjects. Letters include those from William J. Hardee, Leonidas Polk, John C. Pemberton, William S. Rosecrans, and Nathan B. Forrest. Also includes engravings, muster rolls, maps, and an extensive collection of books. Also includes war microfilmed war records of the 20th Mississippi Infantry Regiment. Finally, contains materials related to the life of Hermann Baxter. (8 Boxes, Microfilm reels, and 1 Footlocker)

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Mississippi Libraries

Access Restrictions

The Lionel Baxter Collection is open for research.

Copyright Restrictions

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.

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Related Materials

Separated Materials

This collection has items that have been moved to Framed Items ( Advance notification is required to transfer these items from an off-site facility.

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Fruge, Don L.

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Collection Inventory

Box 1 

Folder 1 (pre-Civil War letters): 

W. E. Jones & W. W. Loring, C.S.A. Generals, DS, April 15 1851, Oregon Territory. 

Robert F. Crenshaw, ALS, December 13, 1860, Pontotoc Mississippi, to his cousin in Elkton, Tenn. 

Albert Sydney Johnston, C.S.A. General, ADS, June 24, 1839, as Secretary of War, Texas Republic 

Folder 2 (William T. Sherman, Jefferson Davis): 

William T. Sherman, duplicate copy of field order #42, Siege of Atlanta, July 25, 1864 

Jefferson Davis, photocopies of ALS and typescript of same, January 1, 1878, to A. D. Mann 

Jefferson Davis, signed photograph card, photo taken "in old age." 

Folder 3 (Nathan Bedford Forrest, William Howard): 

Nathan B. Forrest, C.S.A. General, letter in his hand but not signed, August 22 1869, Marion Alabama, to Gen. Rucker 

Nathan B. Forrest, LS, February 10 1873, Memphis, Tennessee, to Gen. Rucker 

[Nathan B. Forrest] clipped signature 

William Howard, Maj. C.S.A., Forrest's Quartermaster, October 6 1862, to his father, praising Gen. Forest 

William Howard, ADS, December 22 1862, Parole of Honor 

Folder 4 (Marion Francis Baxter): 

Photocopies of photographs (1870 and 1925) and book inscription dated September 1 1882 

Folder 5 (Docs., Letters, from C.S.A. Officers & Soldiers): 

William Edwin Baldwin, General, October 14 1863, Enterprise Mississippi, to "Oscar" 

James B. Blackwell, handmade envelope, October 5 1864, [Winsborough] Virginia, to his sister Mrs. A. G. Duncan, New Albany Mississippi 

William Joseph Hardee, General, no date, to "General"; an engraving of Hardee also included Manfield Lovell, General, ALS, October 22 1862, Holly Springs Mississippi, to his son Josie 

J. C. Pemberton, Lt. Gen., March 30 1863, Jackson Mississippi, to Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, U.S.A. 

Leonidas Polk, General, May 7 1863, Headquarters Polks Corps, to "Elliott" 

J. V. Ramsey, Col., August 28 1861, Montery Virignia, to Brig. Gen. Henry R. Jackson in Greenbriar VA 

Carter L. Stevenson, Maj. Gen., (on the back of the above letter from Ramsey to Jackson), Valley Mountain West Virginia, to Gen. H. R. Jackson 

Carter L. Stevenson, September 5 1861, Valley Mountain West Virginia, to Gen. H. R. Jackson, Montery Line Virginia 

Daniel Ruggles, Brig. Gen., DS, January 9 1863, Exchange and Paroled Prisoners 

Folder 6 (Letters, Post-Civil War, C.S.A. Officers): 

William H. Forney, General, March 23 1884, from U.S. House of Representatives, to Lyle Thoburn 

Alexander P. Stewart, General, February 16 1886, Univ. of Mississippi, Oxford, to E. C. Brown 

Alexander P. Stewart, August 18 1891, War Dept., Washington D.C., to Gen. Marcus J. Wright 

John Tyler Morgan, General, February 9 1877, Selma Alabama, to President Grant 

Folder 7 (Documents, Letters, Union Officers, Civil War and Post-Civil War): 

Nathaniel P. Banks, Maj. Gen., September 4 1861, Camp at Damstown, to Dr. Baxter 

William S. Rosecrans, General, ALS, October 29 1872, Mexico, to Miss Rosa Kingsley 

E. O. C. Ord, General, December 31 1867, Holly Springs Mississippi, to Editor of N.Y. Times 

Telegrams to Ord from U. S. Grant and Andrew Johnson 

Folder 8 (Signatures, Union and C.S.A. Officers): 

Gen. John Adams (plus a photocard of him) 

Maj. George Blake Cosby 

General Robert Lowry 

Gen. Peter Joseph Osterhaus 

Gen. Jones Mitchell Withers 

Maj. Gen. David E. Twiggs (ANS) 

Folder 9 (Miscellaneous Autographs): 

George W. Childs 

William H. Crane 

John Cochrane 

George William Curtis 

Charles A. Dana 

James. J. Davis 

Richard Coker 

A California "49-er" 

Owen Davis 

Folder 10 (Envelopes, Civil War): 

Winfield Scott Featherston, General C.S.A., May 27 1864, Dalton Georgia, to Chaplain Rev. Thomas R. Markham David Dixon Porter, Commander U.S.N., a Patriotic Envelope 

Northern Patriotic Envelope used by a soldier in Co. E, 20th Mississippi Mounted Infantry 

Homemade Envelope from Co. F, 20th Regiment Mississippi Volunteers, Adams Brigade, Touring Division, Garlandsville Mississippi 

Edward Door Tracy, Brig. Gen. C.S.A., from Tullahoma Tennessee, to Mrs. E. D. Tracy in Macon Georgia 

Postmaster Provisional, Sumter South Carolina, February 4 1861 

Folder 11 (Engravings, predominately, but not exclusively, Civil War Generals): 

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 

Braxton Bragg 

Patrick Ronayne Cleburne 

Robert Edward Lee 

John Buchanan Floyd 

William Starke Rosecrans 

Joseph E. Johnston 

John Hunt Morgan 

Nathaniel Greene 

Rufus King 

John Bell Hood 

D. C. Broderick 

Rev. James W. Alexander 

Alexander H. Stephens 

Group Portrait of Confederate Generals Bragg, Longstreet, Johnston, Hood, Smith. 

Folder 12 (C.S.A. Government): 

Richmond Virginia, General Orders #1, January 6 1865 

Folder 13 (Father Abram J. Ryan): 

Civil War Poet-Priest from Mobile Alabama, photograph of statue and newsclipping 

Folder 14 (John Sharp Williams): 

United States Representative, TLS, September 24 1908, Yazoo City Mississippi, to Hon. Robert Baker 

Folder 15 (Edward VIII): 

Newsclippings re. abdication 

Folder 16 (FDR Speech): 

Newsclipping, Franklin Roosevelt's December 8 1941 Speech to Congress 

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Box 2 

Folder 1 

Letters to Lionel Baxter from various politicians, including Richard Nixon, and letters from Carl Albert, Silvio Conte, Bob Dole, Sam Ervin, Barry Goldwater, Jacob Javits, Jack Kemp, Edward Kennedy, Claude Pepper, William Proxmire, John Stennis, John Tower, George Wallace, William Winter and many others. 

Scope and Content

The letters are alphabetized and dated from the early 1970's

Folder 2 

Carbon copies of letters sent by Lionel Baxter, Vice President of Washington Affairs for Storer Broadcasting Company, to various members of congress re. legislation affecting the broadcast industry 

Scope and Content

Not alphabetized or organized by date, early 1970's. Replies from some politicians included Copies of House and Senate bills included

Folder 3 

Carbon copies of letters sent by Lionel Baxter to various members of congress re. food stamps, the United Nations, foreign policy, surtaxes, U. S. Navy capabilities, P.O.W. legislation, school desegregation, Abraham Lincoln and "Save the Bay." 

Scope and Content

Misc. materials pertaining to same. Not alphabetized or organized by date, 1970's and early 1980's. Replies from some politicians included.

Folder 4 

Photocopies of letters from various politicians to Lionel Baxter 

Scope and Content

Not alphabetized or organized by date, 1960's, 1970's.

Folder 5 

Letters from and to Lionel Baxter re: political contributions. 

Folder 6 

Miscellaneous Correspondence 

Folder 7 

"This Week at the Whitehouse" -- Fay Wells' weekly reports to Storer Broadcasting, 1969-1974 

Folder 8 

Letter from Gov. LeRoy Collins (Florida) to Harry Barnard 

Folder 9 

Logtown, Mississippi -- photograph and reprint of Life Magazine article, September 25 1964 

Folder 10 

Newsclips, reprints, pertaining to Lionel Baxter 

Folder 11 

Miscellaneous -- Programs, postcards, etc. 

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Box 3 

1. George Washington 

2. John Adams 

3. Thomas Jefferson 

4. James Madison 

5. James Monroe 

6. John Q. Adams 

7. Andrew Jackson (two engravings) 

8. Martin Van Buren 

9. William Harrison 

10. John Tyler 

11. James Polk 

12. Zachary Taylor 

13. Millard Fillmore 

14. Franklin Pierce 

15. James Buchanan 

16. Abraham Lincoln 

17. Andrew Johnson 

18. Ulysses Grant 

19. Rutherford Hayes 

20. James Garfield 

21. Chester Arthur 

22. Grover Cleveland 

23. Benjamin Harrison 

24. William McKinley 

25. Theodore Roosevelt 

26. William Taft 

27. Woodrow Wilson 

28. Warren Harding 

29. Calvin Coolidge 

30. Herbert Hoover 

31. Franklin Roosevelt 

32. Harry Truman 

33. Dwight Eisenhower 

34. John Kennedy 

35. Lyndon Johnson 

36. Richard Nixon 

37. Gerald Ford 

38. Jimmy Carter 

39. Ronald Reagon 

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